Now Playing Tracks

Today, June 19th, marks the Juneteenth holiday, which celebrates the day in 1865 that slaves in Galveston, Texas were told that slavery had ended. President Abraham Lincoln had actually ended slavery two and a half years prior to the Texas slaves being notified. Union soldiers led by Major General Gordon Granger delivered the good news to those in captivity through General Orders No. 3 which stated:
The people of Texas are informed that, in accordance with a proclamation from the Executive of the United States, “all slaves are free.” This involves an absolute equality of personal rights and rights of property between former masters and slaves, and the connection heretofore existing between them becomes that between employer and hired labor.
The freedmen are advised to remain quietly at their present homes and work for wages. They are informed that they will not be allowed to collect at military posts, and that they will not be supported in idleness either there or elsewhere.
Many legends were told in regards to why it took so long for the slaves in Texas to be informed about the end of the war. Some say that the messenger who was to deliver word that the Confederate lost the war was killed along the way. Others believed the plantation owners withheld the information, waiting for the next cotton harvest before saying a word. Unfortunately, there were written witness accounts of slaves who immediately tried to flee their plantations after receiving the news and were killed on sight or hung.
Juneteenth is the oldest known celebration commemorating the ending of slavery in the United States. On January 1, 1980, Juneteenth became an official state holiday through the efforts of Al Edwards, an African American state legislator. The successful passage of this bill marked Juneteenth as the first emancipation celebration granted official state recognition.
Today, people all over the country celebrate Juneteenth with rodeos, fishing, barbecues and picnics with an emphasis on education and self-improvement. Institutions such as the Smithsonian and the Henry Ford Museum have begun sponsoring Juneteenth-centered activities.

Source: Black History Facts

Kathleen Neal Cleaver | Lecturer~

Is a Senior Lecturer in African American Studies and a Senior Research Scholar at the Yale Law School. A former member of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and Communications Secretary of the Black Panther Party, Professor Cleaver has been a participant in the human rights struggle for most of her life.

Angela Davis | Writer~

Is a radical activist, primarily working for racial and gender equality and for prison reform.
Davis worked as a philosophy lecturer at the UCLA during the 1960s, during which time she also was a radical feminist and activist, a member of both the Communist Party USA and the Black Panther Party.

Elaine Brown | Politician~

Is an American prison activist, writer, singer, and former Black Panther Party chairman who is based in Oakland, California. Brown briefly ran for the Green Party presidential nomination in 2008.

Assata Olugbala Shakur | Author~

Is an African-American activist and escaped convict who was a member of the Black Panther Party (BPP) and Black Liberation Army (BLA). Between 1971 and 1973, Shakur was accused of several crimes, of which she would never be charged, and made the subject of a multi-state manhunt.

They Really Did Set It Off✔️💯

Dr. Maya Angelou born Marguerite Annie Johnson has left an EPIC LEGACY and she will never be forgotten. The splendor to which she lived has lead her to a beautiful transformation of an ANGEL.

R.I.P. Ms. Angelou

This is a narrative from a slave~ Broteer Furro | Venture Smith
Venture Smith (1729-1805) was an African captive brought to the American colonies as a child. His history was documented when he gave a narrative of his life to a schoolteacher, who wrote it down and published it under the title A Narrative of the Life and Adventures of Venture (1798). Venture Smith was born Broteer Furro in a place he recalls as Dukandarra in “Guinea”. Clues in the narrative make it clear that he was from the savannah region-and the fact that he was sold at the seaport of Anomabu, in modern Ghana, suggests that he was probably originally from somewhere in modern Ghana, Togo, or Benin. He was the son of a prince who had several wives.When he was a young child, he and his family were taken prisoner by an invading army, and his father was killed for refusing to comply with their demands. Following his father’s brutal murder, Smith and his family were taken captive. When another army defeated his captors, the young boy was purchased by Robertson Mumford for four gallons of rum and a piece of calico. Mumford decided to call him Venture because he considered purchasing him to be a business venture.
He grew up as a household slave and married Meg, another of Mumford’s slaves, when he was 22. Shortly after, he and a few fellow slaves attempted to escape, but their plan was aborted. Smith and his wife were then sold to Thomas Stanton. Smith described the conflicts he encountered with his new master’s family and tells how he purchased freedom for his wife and family from his last master, Col Oliver Smith, who generously permitted him to secure his freedom by his own earnings by hiring himself out to others, cutting wood, farming, and fishing. He eventually bought property in East-Haddam, New York, and continued to amass and cultivate adjacent property, eventually acquiring over one hundred acres. He died in September 1805 and is buried in East Haddam’s, New York.

We make Tumblr themes